VOLUME 14, NO. 1 - OCTOBER 22, 2005


     Welcome to the 2005 fall edition of the HCC Faculty Development Newsletter. The Faculty Development Committee for the 2005-06 academic year is set and committed to assisting all our faculty colleagues in providing meaningful and valuable faculty professional development activities this academic year. The committee members for this year include;

     I believe that using effective questions in the classroom is important as we teach - for stimulating lively class discussions, when covering material and especially when reviewing material. As you probably know, educators have grouped questions into more categories than you'd care to list. During my Teacher Training workshops, I have a fun section on questioning skills based on Bloom's Taxonomy. Benjamin Bloom grouped questions into five categories of a taxonomy with an ever-increasing complexity of answers. His categories include:
  - knowledge
  - comprehension
  - application
  - analysis
  - synthesis
  - evaluation

     I find that Bloom's taxonomy of questioning is easy to understand and functional in the classroom.

     Many instructors find the questioning techniques of Ronald Hyman to be a useful way to understand what goes on in the classroom. He frames his interactions in the classroom with the terms "question," "answer" (response), and "reaction". He also has categorized questions as:
- closed ended
- open ended
- convergent
- divergent

     Joan Andrews goes a step farther and groups divergent questions in the following categories:
  - playground question (structured by the instructor designating a    carefully chosen aspect of the material; the "playground")
  - brainstorm question
  - focal question

     Finally, Socrates, one of the greatest educators of all times, taught by asking questions and drawing out (as in 'ex duco', meaning to 'lead out', which is the root of the word 'education') answers from his pupils. His pupils, as you may know, included Plato and Aristotle. Plato wrote much of what we know about Socrates. Socrates used six types of questions with his students, often to their initial annoyance, but more often to their ultimate delight. The overall purpose of Socratic questioning is to challenge accuracy and completeness of thinking in a way that assists students to move towards their ultimate educational and life goals. His categories include;
  - conceptual clarification questions
  - probing assumptions
  - probing rationale, reasons and evidence
  - questioning viewpoints and perspectives
  - probe implications and consequences
  - questions about the question

     Information on all of these questioning categories and a more in depth discussion of questioning techniques can be found in the Using Questions Effectively section in the Teaching Tips Index of the HCC Faculty Development Guidebook.

     I end by encouraging you to make this a great semester for your students. Please let any Faculty Development Committee member know how the Committee can assist with your professional development needs this academic year.

Jerry Cerny
FD Coordinator


(The following material is excerpted from: "The Ultimate Educator" by Edmunds, C., K. Lowe, M. Murray, and A. Seymour, 1999.)

Since the 1970s, adult learning theory has offered a framework for educators and trainers whose job it is to train adults. Malcolm S. Knowles (1973) was among the first proponents of this approach. In his book, The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species, he resurrected the word "andragogy", a term popular in German education circles in the early 1800s, and used it to label his attempt to create a unified theory of adult learning. Knowles' contentions were based on four assumptions:

1. As they mature, adults tend to prefer self-direction. The role of the instructor is to engage in a process of inquiry, analysis, and decision-making with adult learners, rather than to transmit knowledge.

2. Adults' experiences are a rich resource for learning. Active participation in planned experiences - such as discussions or problem solving exercises, an analysis of those experiences, and their application to work or life situations - should be the core methodology for training adults. Adults learn and retain information more easily if they can relate it to their reservoir of past experiences.

3. Adults are aware of specific learning needs generated by real-life events such as marriage, divorce, parenting, taking a new job, losing a job, and so on. Adult learners' needs and interests are the starting points and serve as guideposts for training activities.

4. Adults are competency-based learners, meaning that they want to learn a skill or acquire knowledge that they can apply pragmatically to their immediate circumstances. Life or work-related situations present a more appropriate framework for adult learning than academic or theoretical approaches.

Robert W. Pike (1989), an internationally recognized expert in human resources development and author of the book Creative Training Techniques, has conducted thousands of adult training seminars. His principles of adult learning, referred to as "Pike's Laws of Adult Learning," have built upon the original philosophy to provide similar guidance for trainers:

Law 1: Adults are babies with big bodies. It is accepted that babies enjoy learning through experience, because every exploration is a new experience. As children grow, educators traditionally reduce the amount of learning through experience to the point that few courses in secondary and higher education devote significant time to experiential education. It is now recognized that adult learning is enhanced by hands-on experience that involves adults in the learning process. In addition, adults bring a wealth of experience that must be acknowledged and respected in the training setting.

Law 2: People do not argue with their own data. Succinctly put, people are more likely to believe something fervently if they arrive at the idea themselves. Thus, when training adults, presenting structured activities that generate the students' ideas, concepts, or techniques will facilitate learning more effectively than simply giving adults information to remember.

Law 3: Learning is directly proportional to the amount of fun you are having. Humor is an important tool for coping with stress and anxiety, and can be effective in promoting a comfortable learning environment. If you are involved in the learning process and understand how it will enable you to do your job or other chosen task better, you can experience the sheer joy of learning.

Law 4: Learning has not taken place until behavior has changed. It is not what you know, but what you do that counts. The ability to apply new material is a good measure of whether learning has taken place. Experiences that provide an opportunity for successfully practicing a new skill will increase the likelihood of retention and on-the-job application.

For more than two decades, adult learning theory has served as the framework for training adults. The idea that adults as learners require different educational strategies than children was first voiced fifty years ago when Irving Lorge (1947), writing about effective methods in adult education, suggested that to reach the adult learner, you have to teach to what adults want. He stated that adults have "wants" in the following four areas:

1. To gain something.
2. To be something.
3. To do something.
4. To save something.

Eduard Lindeman, also writing in the 1940s, proposed that adults learn best when they are actively involved in determining what, how, and when they learn. Since the 1970s, several authors and training experts have expanded upon the original concepts presented as adult learning theory.

Ultimate instruction, as used here, means helping adults to learn and involves far more than lecturing or presenting information. It involves instructing for results - powerful, highly effective instruction that results in applicable learning for adult participants. The material presented here is intended as a guide for both new and experienced trainers and educators. The reader is encouraged to adapt these ideas and techniques freely and to modify them as necessary to compliment his or her unique style of instruction. You, too, can become an ultimate educator.

To find out more about learning in general and adult learning in particular, check out the How People Learn section of the Teaching Tips Index of the HCC Faculty Development Guidebook.


For those of you who have purchased the Hawaii Entertainment Book in the past, you know what a great deal it is. Not only do you save money on travel, entertainment and services here on Oahu, but also throughout the State and the Mainland. The members of the Faculty Development Committee are once again selling books this fall. Books are great for personal use and make excellent holiday gifts. Each book can be purchased for $30 with the committee earning $6 on each book sold. The committee will use the funds earned from these sales to purchase leis and light refreshments at presentations throughout the year and support professional development for faculty members. Contact any Faculty Development Committee member to purchase your book today!


Congratulations to the following HCC faculty members who were granted tenure and/or promotions this past summer;


Maggie Templeton, Student Services

Tenure and Promotion/Instructor to Assistant Professor:

Mike Castell, CENT
Monir Hodges, PCATT/ITC
Evelyn Green, AERO
Chris McKinney, Language Arts
Cory Takemoto, College Skills Center

Promotion/Instructor to Assistant Professor:

Chuck Whitley, ESL

Promotion/Assistant Professor to Associate Professor:

Wayne Lewis, PCATT
Rose Sumajit, PCATT/ITC
Cyndi Uyehara, ECE/PACE

Promotion/Associate Professor to Professor:

Chulee Grove, OESM
Marilynn Ito-Won, Student Services
Doug Madden, AEC
Sherrie Nolte, ECE
Sandy Sanpei, Communication Arts
Lisa Yogi, ECE

Congratulations to the following faculty members who received Service Awards:

Mike Jennings, AEC, 10 years
Allen Tateishi, RAC, 10 years
Doug Madden, AEC, 20 years
Keith Crockett, Spanish, 30 years

Congratulations to the following HCC faculty member who received the Board of Regents Excellence in Teaching Award;

Paul Onomura, DISL


The following five faculty members are new to our campus this fall. As you meet our new colleagues, please help make them feel welcome. They include;

Kasey Keala Chock, Instructor, Native Hawaiian Center. Keala is currently serving as the Activities Coordinator for the Native Hawaiian Center. He was born and raised on Oahu where he graduated from St. Louis High School. Following High School, he enrolled at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and later graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Hawaiian Studies. Throughout his life he has been committed to improving the quality of life among Native Hawaiians. Working here at HCC has given him a tremendous opportunity to continue to serve the Native Hawaiian Community. He states he will work diligently to help Native Hawaiian students and their non-Hawaiian peers succeed in higher education. He looks forward to working with all of the members of the HCC community

Christopher Kuahine, Traveling Instructor, Construction Academy. Christopher grew up in Kailua on the Windward side of Oahu. He is the youngest of eight siblings and graduated from Kalaheo High School. He has been married for 24 years and has three children, one daughter and two sons. His father was a carpenter, which in turn gave him an interest in carpentry. He got into the Carpenter Union in 1987, where he earned journeyworker status. Christopher has done formwork on high rises, rough framing on residential high dollar homes and cabinet finish work, renovating kitchens and bathrooms. A very good friend, his dad, suggested that he consider going back to school and trying something new. He took his dad's suggestion and applied to HCC where he enrolled in the Drafting/AEC program. Two years later he earned an AS degree. Now he has the opportunity to share his knowledge as a traveling Carpenter and AutoCAD instructor in the HCC Construction Academy. In his free time Christopher enjoys the beach, where he surfs and free dives, and coaches AYSO soccer.

Alan Lerchbacker, Instructor/Coordinator, Construction Academy. Alan grew up in Elyria Ohio, about 30 miles outside of Cleveland, in a family of steel workers. He worked in the steel mills long enough to know he never wanted to work there again. Alan earned a BS from the US Naval Academy where he ran cross-country and track. He earned dual masters degrees in Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture from the Naval Postgraduate School and an MBA from Claremont University. He is currently enrolled in the Educational Administration PhD program at UHM. Alan taught Naval Architecture at the Naval Academy and graduate classes at the Keller Graduate School. He has also taught at the International School of Business in Beijing, BAO Steel University for Executive Management in Shanghai and Northeastern University in Shenyang, China. Alan is a registered Professional Engineer in the State of California. While on active duty he was a Navy Diver where he was the officer in charge of the Space Shuttle Challenger recovery operations in 1986. Following his active duty Navy service, Alan was President of Taylor Dunn, the largest manufacturer of electrical vehicles in the US, and CEO for Austal USA, the largest Aluminum shipyard in the US. Prior to assuming his position here at HCC, he was Director of Construction for Navatek Hawaii. In his free time Alan is a consummate snowboarder, avid volleyball player, surfer and ballroom dancer.

Lambert Panui, Traveling Instructor, Construction Academy. Lambert grew up on Molokai where he attended elementary school. He graduated from Kamehameha School here on Oahu. He served eight years with the Hawaii National Guard in the 1970s and worked in the carpentry industry as a laborer before becoming an apprentice in 1976. He has worked for several well-known contractors on Maui and Oahu. Lambert is eligible for an Associate Degree in Applied Trades and is currently finishing up an AS in Administration of Justice from HCC. He and his family are very active in the Mililani Community Church, and he is currently serving on a church committee to raise funds for a multi-purpose building on church property. Lambert currently lives in Waipio Gentry with his wife and son. Their daughter passed away in 1994 at the tender age of eight. Her teacher wrote a book about his daughter, "Jamie, A Literacy Story." His daughter loved to read books. In his free time Lambert enjoys working in his yard, doing carpentry and other odd jobs around the house, working on his "hot rod" truck and best of all, going to his mother-in-law's house for some ono grinds.

Amy Stehlik, Instructor, Speech. Amy grew up here on Oahu and graduated from Iolani School. Following graduation she participated in a study abroad program for a year to Helsinki, Finland. After returning she needed to re-adjust to American life for a bit, so attended UH Manoa. While at UH she took full advantage of their exchange programs, and studied in Mexico, Argentina, and Germany. She earned a BA in Spanish and American Studies at UH. During her master's degree program in Communication at UH, with a focus on Intercultural Studies, she developed a company, Blue Planet Surf Gear. In 1997 and in 1998 her company won the Pacific Business News "Fastest 50" Award. She was co-owner of this company until two years ago when she sold her partnership to began teaching full time. Before obtaining her instructor position here at HCC she lectured at HCC, HPU and Chaminade. In addition to spending time with her six-year-old daughter, who enjoys listening to Amy talk about the speeches her students deliver in class, she spends her free listening to salsa music, dancing, eating spicy foods, practicing her Spanish and traveling.



Carol Hiraoka, Instructor, Math, attended the Hawaii National Great Teachers Seminar at the Kilauea Military Center in the Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island this past August.

Lei Lani Hinds, Associate Professor, Language Arts, attended the 2005 International Tolkien Society Conference, The Ring Goes Ever On, at Aston University in Birmingham, England this past summer.

Kimo Alama Keaulana, Assistant Professor, Language Arts, Hawaiian Language and Hawaiian Studies, was the recipient of two 2005 Na Hoku Hanohano Awards this past summer. He was the winner of the Haku Mele category for the song "Kinoiki Kekaulike" and the winner of the Hawaiian Language Performance category for his album "Hula Lives."

Ron Pine, Professor, Philosophy, has been notified that his book, Science and the Human Prospect, first published by Wadsworth in 1989, will be published again by Pearson Longman this spring. His other book, Essential Logic, is still being published by Oxford University Press.

Jerry Saviano, Assistant Professor, Language Arts, attended the Annual Conference of the Association of Writers and Writing Programs in Vancouver, British Columbia, this past spring.

Cynthia Smith, Associate Professor, History, attended the Indiana University - Purdue University 2004 Assessment Institute in Indianapolis, Indiana last fall.


Steven Chu, Instructor, ABRP, attended the Hawaii National Great Teachers Seminar at the Kilauea Military Center in the Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island this past August. Steven attended a PPG Industries painting certification workshop this past summer. Along with Milton Tadaki, Professor, ABRP, Steven also attended two additional auto-painting workshops this past summer. The first was a Dupont painting certification workshop and the second was a Sikkens advanced painting workshop.

Jeff Lane, Assistant Professor, Welding, attended a Preparation for American Welding Inspector/Educator Examination course at the Hobart Institute in Troy, Ohio this past summer. By having a certified welding inspector/educator on staff, HCC can become a certified testing facility and upgrade the Welding program to become an AWS School Excelling through National Skills Standards Education.

Alan Lerchbacker, Coordinator, Construction Academy attended the National Tech Prep Network Conference - Tech Prep: Career Pathways for Student Success in Orlando where he made a presentation on the HCC Construction Academy this past September.


Diane Caulfield, Professor, Tech 2 Chair, and Mike Castell, Assistant Professor, CENT, attended the Women in Technology Conference in Coreyville, California this past February.

Sally Dunan, Instructor, CENT, attended the Hawaii National Great Teachers Seminar at the Kilauea Military Center in the Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island this past August.


Jean Maslowski, Associate Professor, Counselor recently attended the National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) National Conference - 'Building Bridges: Advisors as Architects of the Future' in Cincinnati, Ohio.


Jon Blumhardt, Professor, Director, Educational Media Center, attended the Fall Conference of the National Coalition of Advanced Technology Centers in Jacksonville, Florida, this past September.

Femar Lee, Assistant Professor, CSC Math, attended the Hawaii National Great Teachers Seminar at the Kilauea Military Center in the Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island this past August.

Xin Li, Instructor/Librarian, Library, attended the Hawaii Library Association 2004 Annual Conference at the Turtle Bay Resort last fall.

Lianne Nagano, Professor, CSC English, attended the 2004 Career and Technical Education (CTE), Pathways in Motion, in Waikiki last fall.


Lorrie Cahill, Instructor, CRJPC, attended the Western Association for Student Employment Administrators Conference in Anaheim, California this past spring.


Jeannie Shaw, Instructor, Pearl Harbor Shipyard Apprenticeship Program, attended the Rotary International 2005 District 5000 Conference at the Turtle Bay Resort this past spring. Jeannie also attended the 2004 Career and Technical Education (CTE), Pathways in Motion, in Waikiki last fall.


Jerry Cerny, Assistant Professor, PCATT Programs and Training Manager, attended the Fall Conference of the National Coalition of Advanced Technology Centers in Jacksonville, Florida, this past September.

Mario Mediati, Instructor, PCATT, attended Cisco Voice Over IP (VoIP) phone training in San Jose, California, this past summer. PCATT recently installed an VoIP system and will begin offering training in this technology soon.


If your activities/news were not included in the Faculty Spotlight and you wish them to be, pass on the information to any Faculty Development Committee member. The information will be included in the next issue of the Faculty Development Newsletter


This newsletter was organized and published by the HCC Faculty Development Committee. Members: Jerry Cerny (Co-Editor), Jeannie Shaw, Lisa Yogi, Pat Patterson, Rona Wong (Co-Editor), Monir Hodges, Femar Lee, and Bernadette Howard.

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